Chronology of Workstation Computers

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URL: https://pctimeline.info/workstation/

References are numbered in [brackets], which are listed here. A number after the dot gives the page in the source.

Last updated: 2022 April 29.


1995

January
  • Sun Microsystems ships the 85 MHz Sun SuperSPARC II processor. [557.135]
  • Digital Equipment ships the Alpha 21164 processor running at 266 MHz. [557.135]
February
  • At the International Solid State Circuits Conference, Hal Computer Systems announces its first microprocessor, the Sparc64, implementing the 64-bit SPARC V9 architecture. Performance estimates are 256 SPECint92 and 330 SPECfp92. [667]
(month unknown)
  • SunSoft releases Wabi 2.0 for Solaris 2 operating system. Wabi supports Windows 3.1 and Windows 3.11 applictions, but not Windows for Workgroups or MS-DOS. [1037.148]
March
  • Digital Equipment ships the 166 MHz and 233 MHz Alpha 21066A processors. [557.135]
  • Digital Equipment ships the 300 MHz Alpha 21164 processor. [557.135]
(month unknown)
  • SPARC Technology Business ships 110 MHz MicroSparc-2 processor. Price is US$649 in 1000 unit quantities. [639]
May
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 90 MHz R8000 RISC microprocessor. [557.135]
  • SPARC announces sample availability of the 64-bit UltraSPARC microprocessor. [2021] [639] (March [557.135])
May 23
  • At the Sun World conference in San Francisco, California, Sun Microsystems introduces the Java interactive programming language. Code-name during development was Oak. [948.102] [1570.2] [1700.267]
June
  • Data General announces that future Aviion workstations will use Intel processors, not Motorola's 88x00 processor family. [2027.61] [621]
  • NEC Technologies begins shipping the RISCStation 2200, with 64 MB RAM, 1 GB hard drive, dual 200 MHz processors, running Windows NT, for under US$11,000. [831.21]
July
  • Silicon Graphics introduces Indigo2 Impact workstation. [749.69]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 250 MHz R4400 RISC microprocessor. [557.135]
(month unknown)
  • The System Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) announces the SPEC95 benchmark suite for Unix systems. The suite is scheduled for release in October, for US$600 to new customers. [541]
September
  • Novell sells UNIXWare and the rights to the UNIX operating system to The Santa Cruz Operation for US$145 million. [324.24] [439.12] [909.36] [2179.14] (1994 October [216.4]) (1995 December [472.25] [570.A4]) (US$60 million [216.4])
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(month unknown)
  • Sun Microsystems announces the 182 MHz UltraSparc processor. Performance is estimated at 260 SPECint92 and 410 SPECfp92. Price is US$1595 in 1000 unit quantities. [508]
  • Digital Semiconductor announces the 300 MHz 21064A processor. Performance is estimated at 220 SPECint92 and 300 SPECfp92. [508]
  • Digital Semiconductor announces the 330 MHz 21164 processor. Performance is estimated at 400 SPECint92 and 570 SPECfp92. [508]
October
  • Sun Microsystems ships the 143 MHz and 167 MHz versions of the UltraSPARC processor. [325.38] [557.135]
  • Digital Equipment announces its Alpha 21164 processor running at 333 MHz. Performance is 400 SPECint92. [112] [265] [496]
  • At the Microprocessor Forum, Digital announces a 417 MHz 21164A processor. It is manufactured using a 0.35 micron process. Performance is 500 SPECint92. [496]
November
  • SPARC Technology Business, a division of Sun Microsystems, Inc., announces the sampling of the 200 MHz 64-bit UltraSPARC-I microprocessor. [265]
  • Sun Microsystems introduces new Ultra 1 and Ultra 2 workstations, based on the 64-bit UltraSparc microprocessor. Initial speeds are 143, 167, and 200 MHz, with prices ranging from US$16,500 to US$60,000. [216.1] [2021] [2051.49] [2052.52]
  • Hewlett-Packard announces the Model C110 workstation. [2052.52]
December
  • Digital Equipment ships the 300 MHz Alpha 21064A processor. [557.135]
  • Digital Equipment ships the 333 MHz Alpha 21164 processor. [557.135]
Year
  • Shipments of personal workstation computers worldwide during the year: 602,000. [1559]

1996

January
  • Silicon Graphics introduces InfiniteReality, an Indigo2 workstation based on the MIPS Technologies R10000 microprocessor. [2053.1] [2052.53]
February
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 200 MHz R5000 RISC microprocessor. [557.136]
February 26
  • Silicon Graphics makes a cash tender offer of US$30 per share for 75% of Cray Research stock, for a total cost of US$576 million. The merger is expected to be completed by June. [374.1] [458] [2054.3] [749.69] [1559]
March
  • Digital Equipment unveils 366 MHz and 400 MHz versions of its Alpha microprocessor. [458.8]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 200 MHz R10000 RISC microprocessor. [557.136]
April
  • Silicon Graphics completes its purchase of Cray Research, for US$764 million. [2055.1]
April 29
  • Digital Equipment begins shipping the Alpha XL 300 Personal Workstation. It features 300 MHz Alpha processor, 32 MB RAM, 1 GB hard drive, Matrox Millenium 2D/3D graphics adaptor, 4X CD-ROM drive, floppy disk drive. Price is US$8495. [1559]
June 4
  • Hewlett-Packard unveils a new line of HP Visualize workstations, the first to use the company's 64-bit PA-8000 processors. Prices range from US$24,000 to US$112,000. [1559]
June
  • SunSoft releases Wabi 2.2 (Windows Applications Binary Interface) allowing SPARC processor-based computers to run Windows applications. [523.19]
  • Digital Equipment ships 366 MHz and 400 MHz versions of its Alpha 21164 microprocessor. [458.8] [557.136]
(month unknown)
  • Digital Equipment announces availability of the 500 MHz Alpha 21164 processor. The chip uses a 0.35-micron die. [590.1]
July
  • Digital Equipment begins shipping the 433 MHz Alpha 21164 processor. [2056.16]
August
  • Compaq Computer launches a dedicated workstation division. [1147.152]
October 8
  • Tatung Science & Technology introduces the COMPstation U200-ES workstation. It features 200 MHz 64-bit UltraSPARC 1 processor, 1 MB cache, up to 1.6 GB/sec data transfer rates. Prices start at US$17,530. [1559]
October
  • Silicon Graphics introduces the O2 workstation computer, replacing the Indy series. It features 64-bit 180 MHz Mips R5000 processor, 10/100 Base-T Ethernet, PCI slots, two wide UltraSCSI channels, 128 MB RAM, 512 kB Level 2 cache, two 2 GB SCSI hard drive, 17 inch monitor, external floppy drive. Price is about US$8300. [749.70] [1075.41] [1423.28]
  • Compaq Computer enters the workstation computer market with the announcement of the Professional Workstation line of Pentium Pro based systems. [1137.9] [586.30]
December
  • Digital Equipment begins shipping 500 MHz Alpha 21164 processors. [834.76]
Year
  • Shipments of (traditional) workstation computers worldwide during the year: 712,000. [1559]
  • Shipments of personal workstation computers worldwide during the year: 831,000. [1559] [1819.38]
  • Market share of workstation computers worldwide for the year: Sun Microsystems 41%, Hewlett-Packard 19%, Silicon Graphics 10.6%. [1559]

1997

January
  • Silicon Graphics introduces the Octane workstation. [749.71]
March
  • Hewlett-Packard announces the PA-RISC 8500 processor. [1559]
March 17
  • Digital Equipment introduces the 64-bit Alpha 21164PC processor. It features 16 kB instruction cache, dual integer units, dual floating point units, L2 cache controller, and 8 kB data cache. The processor was co-designed by Digital and Mitsubishi, and incorporates 3.5 million transistors in a 0.35 CMOS process. Speed and price in 1000-unit quantities are 400 MHz (US$295), 533 MHz (US$495). Performance of the 533 MHz processor is 1066 MFLOPS, 2133 MIPS. [1010.59] [1559]
March 31
  • Digital Equipment begins shipping the 600 MHz 21164 Alpha processor. [1559]
  • Intergraph announces the TD-22, TD-25, and TD-220 personal workstations. They feature 133 to 200 MHz Pentium, Pentium MMX, or Pentium Pro processor, Intergraph 2D or 3D graphics accelerator, and Windows 95 operating system. Base prices range from US$1185 to US$1680. [1559]
April 29
  • Sun Microsystems introduces Ultra 2 workstations, Model 1300 and 2300. They feature 300 MHz UltraSparc-II processors. Prices are US$26,495 and US$38,495. [1559]
May 5
  • Digital Equipment announces a line of Personal Workstations, incorporating 433 to 600 MHz Alpha processors and Microsoft Windows NT or Unix operating systems. Prices range from US$5,000 to US$27,000. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • Intergraph Computer Systems introduces the TD-255 computer, supporting up to two 233 or 266 MHz Pentium II processors. Prices are US$3000-8000. [1077.42]
June 9
  • Compaq Computer releases the Compaq Professional Workstation 6000 computer. It features 266 MHz Pentium II processor, 32 MB of memory, a 2 GB hard disk drive, and Windows NT. Price starts at $4,200. [1559]
  • Compaq Computer announces the Compaq Professional Workstation 8000 computer. It features two 300 MHz Pentium II processor, 128 MB of memory, a 4 GB hard disk drive and Windows NT. Price starts at $11,400. [1559]
June 16
  • Tri-Star releases StarStation II and StudioStation II workstation computers featuring single or dual 300MHz Pentium II processors and Windows NT. Prices start at US$5995. [1559]
  • Tri-Star releases PowerStation workstation computers featuring 433 to 500 MHz Alpha processors and Windows NT. Prices start at US$3995. [1559]
June 24
  • Tatung Science & Technology releases three Compstation workstation computers. They feature 300-MHZ UltraSparc-II processors, 128 MB RAM, a 4 GB hard drive, and Solaris 2.5.1 operating system. Base prices range from US$19,000 to US$31,000. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • Sun Microsystems releases the Solaris 2.6 operating system for SPARC processor-based computers. [953.265]
Year
  • Total shipments of workstation computers worldwide during the year: 1.0-1.9 million. [1559] [1819.38]
  • Workstation shipments in Canada during the year: Hewlett-Packard 14,000, Sun Microsystems 8,000. [1031.30]

1998

January 31
  • Compaq Computer ships its 100,000th workstation computer. [1137.9]
(month unknown)
  • Digital Equipment announces it plans to release a 1 GHz Alpha 21264 processor in two years. [947.35]
  • Sun Microsystems introduces the Ultra 5 and Ultra 10 workstation computers. [1559]
August 31
  • Compaq Computer introduces the Professional Workstation AP200, 400, and 500 workstations. The feature one or two 450 MHz Pentium II processors, and 2D or 3D graphics subsystems. Prices start at US$2983. [1559]
  • Hewlett-Packard introduces the XA workstation computer, with 350 to 450 MHz Pentium II processor, 4.3 GB hard drive, 2D or 3D graphics subsystem. Prices start at US$1900. [1559]
  • Intergraph introduces the TDZ 2000 GX1 Visual Workstation, with 400 MHz Xeon Pentium II processor and choice of six graphics subsystems. Prices start at US$4999. [1559]
September
  • Sun Microsystems announces a SunPCi co-processor card for Sun workstations. SunPCi uses a 300 MHz AMD K6-2 processor, runs Windows 95 or 98, and fits in a PCI slot. [791.8]
October
  • Hewlett-Packard introduces the PA-RISC 8500 processor. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • Sun Microsystems releases the Solaris 7.0 operating system for SPARC computers. Price is US$695 for a 5-user license. [789.8] [1171.75]
November 2
  • Sun Microsystems releases the 400 MHz UltraSparc II and 360 MHz UltraSparc IIi processors. Prices are US$4249 and US$1400 in volume. [1559]
November 5
  • Fujitsu announces it will release a line of computers using its own 64-bit Sparc processor, called Sparc64-GP. The processor incorporates 17.6 million transistors, and will be availble initially at speeds of 250 and 275 MHz. [1559]
Year
  • Total shipments of workstation computers worldwide during the year: 2.3 million. [1559]

End of 1995-1998. Next: 1999.
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1968-1986 1987-1990 1991-1992 1993 1994 1995-1998 1999-end


A list of references to all source material is available.

Other web pages of interest:

  • Chronology of Personal Computers
  • This Day in Personal Computer and Video Game History
  • This Day in History

  • Last updated: 2022 April 29.
    Copyright © 2001-2022 (email: ).
    URL: https://pctimeline.info/workstation/
    Link to Ken P's home page.