Chronology of Workstation Computers

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References are numbered in [brackets], which are listed here. A number after the dot gives the page in the source.

Last updated: 2022 April 29.


1994

January
  • Silicon Graphics founder and chairman James Clark resigns. [749.68] [1423.32] (February [2020.9])
February
  • Digital Equipment produces the first test version of the 21164 processor. [856]
(month unknown)
  • Apple Computer ships Macintosh Application Environment 1.0 for the HP-UX operating system with the Motif interface, and the Solaris operating system with the OpenLook interface. [429.37]
  • Hewlett-Packard unveils its PA-7200 processor design. It is manufactureed with a 0.55 micron CMOS process, allowing up to 140 MHz clock speeds. [276]
  • Sun Technology Business announces initial samples of the 85 MHz and 100 MHz MicroSparc-2 processor. [337]
March
  • Sun Microsystems announces the SparcStation 5, with 70 MHz or 85 MHz MicroSparc II processor. [694.161]
  • Sun Microsystems announces the SparcStation 20, with up to four 50 MHz or two 60 MHz SuperSparc processors. [694.161]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 100 MHz R4600 RISC microprocessor. [557.134]
  • Digital Equipment ships the 66 MHz Alpha 21068 processor. [557.134]
  • Digital Equipment ships the 166 MHz Alpha 21066 processor. Performance is rated at 70 SPECint92. [557.134] [520]
(month unknown)
  • Microsoft releases FoxPro 2.6 for UNIX. [494.6] [691.28]
  • Ross Technology announces 80, 90, and 100 MHz HyperSparc processors, using Fujitsu's 0.5 micron CS-50 process. Internal cache is 128 or 256 kB. [367]
  • International Meta Systems files a patent application for technology that enables a RISC processor to emulate other instruction sets. [694.38]
  • The IEEE Computer Society officially adopts SPARC as a standard, labelled 1754-1994. This is the first microprocessor architecture standard adopted by the IEEE, and took four years. [520]
  • IBM introduces the RS/6000 Model 41T computer. It features an 80 MHz PowerPC 601 processor. Base price is US$11,200. Performance is 79 SPECint92 and 90 SPECfp92. [520]
  • Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP 7000 Model 715/100 computer. It features a 100 MHz 7100LC processor, 32 MB RAM, 525 MB hard drive, 17 inch color monitor. Price is US$19,000. Performance is 101 SPECint92 and 137 SPECfp92. [520]
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  • Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP 7000 Model 712/80 computer. It features a 80 MHz 7100LC processor. Performance is 121 SPECfp92. [520]
May
  • MIPS Technologies announces availability of samples of the 200 MHz 64-bit R4400 RISC microprocessor. [2040]
(month unknown)
  • Intel and Hewlett-Packard announce a partnership to develop a 64-bit CPU architecture designed to replace the current x86 and PA-RISC architectuures. [244]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the 233 MHz Alpha 21064A processor. Price is US$867 in 1000 unit quantities. It replaces the 225 MHz version. [244]
June 13
  • SunWorld '94 is held in San Francisco. [338]
June
  • Hal Computer Systems achieves first working prototype of a 64-bit SPARC-based processor. [667]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 75 MHz R8000 RISC microprocessor. [557.134]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 133 MHz R4600 RISC microprocessor. [557.134]
  • MIPS Technologies ships the 200 MHz 64-bit R4400 RISC microprocessor. [557.134]
(month unknown)
  • IDT announces sample availability of the 150 MHz R4600 processor. Performance is 104 SPECint92 and 81 SPECfp92. Price is US$325 in 1000 unit quantities. [824]
July
  • IBM ships AIX 4.1 for the RS/6000, and AIX for the Power Macintosh. [321.12] [881.80]
  • Digital Equipment ships its AXP 21064A 64-bit 275 MHz Alpha RISC processor in volume quantities, for US$1192 in 1000 unit quantities. The processor features dual 16 kB internal caches. [2050] [551.261] [557.134] [895]
  • Digital Equipment ships the 225 MHz Alpha 21064A processor. [557.134]
August
  • At the Hot Chips conference, Digital unveils the 21164 Alpha processor. It features two integer units, a floating-point addition logic unit, a floating point multiplier, 8 kB data cache, 8 kB instruction cache, and 96 kB secondary cache. Target operating frequency is 300 MHz. Code name during development was EV-5. [895] [898]
September
  • Sun Microsystems announces the 64-bit UltraSparc processor. Target clock speed is 167 MHz. The chip is the first to implement the SPARC v9 architecture, and incorporates two integer units, and five units for floating point and graphics calculations. [2021] [979]
  • Digital Equipment Corporation formally introduces its next-generation Alpha AXP processors, including a 300 MHz version that can execute 1 billion instructions per second. [92] [265]
October
  • Sun Microsystems produces the first test version of the UltraSparc processor. [856]
  • At the Microprocessor Forum, MIPS Technologies announces the R10000 RISC microprocessor. [2040] [1021]
(month unknown)
  • SPARC Technology Business (a subsidiary of Sun Microsystems) begins shipment of samples of the 75 MHz SuperSparc-2 processor. Price is US$999 in 1000 unit quantities. [968]
November
  • At Comdex, Digital Equipment announces the 21066A processor, a 0.5-micron version of the Alpha 21066 processor, operating 40% faster than the previous version. Speeds announced are 166 MHz and 233 MHz. Price is US$396 in 1000 unit quantities. [936]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaStation 200 4/166, featuring a 166 MHz 64-bit Alpha AXP 21064 processor, and PCI bus, for US$6995. [863.14] [98]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaStation 200 4/233, featuring a 233 MHz 64-bit Alpha AXP 21064 processor, and PCI bus, for US$11,750. [863.14] [98]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaStation 400 4/233, featuring a 233 MHz 64-bit Alpha AXP 21064 processor, and PCI bus, for US$12,595. [863.14] [98]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaServer 1000 4/200, for US$15,970. [863.14]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaServer 2000 4/200, for US$18,070. [863.14]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the AlphaServer 2100 4/275, for US$21,940. [863.14]
  • Digital Equipment introduces the DEC 7000 Model 700 multiprocessor enterprise server, for US$120,000. [863.14]
  • Sun Microsystems announces the SparcStation 20 Model HS11 computer. It features a 100 MHz HyperSparc processor from Ross Technology, 32 MB RAM, and 1 GB hard drive. Performance is 105 SPECint92, 128 SPECfp92. Price is US$18,695. [98] [968]
Year
  • During the year, Worldwide shipments of workstations: 779,385. [143]
  • During the year, Commercial computer animation market: 63.5% PC, 16.5% workstation (Unix), 20% Macintosh. [832.14]

End of 1994. Next: 1995.
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1968-1986 1987-1990 1991-1992 1993 1994 1995-1998 1999-end


A list of references to all source material is available.

Other web pages of interest:

  • Chronology of Personal Computers
  • This Day in Personal Computer and Video Game History
  • This Day in History

  • Last updated: 2022 April 29.
    Copyright © 2001-2022 (email: ).
    URL: https://pctimeline.info/workstation/
    Link to Ken P's home page.