List of References used in:

Chronology of IBM Personal Computers

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[1] BYTE, January 1983, Volume 8, Number 1.
[5] BYTE, March 1984, Volume 9, Number 3.
[6] BYTE, October 1984, Volume 9, Number 11.
[9] BYTE, September 1985, Volume 10, Number 9.
[13] BYTE, February 1990, Volume 15, Number 2.
[16] BYTE, September 1990, Volume 15, Number 9.
[22] BYTE, September, 1991, Volume 16, Number 9.
[31] PC Computing, December 1988.
[35] PC World, August 1987.
[37] Info World, July 8, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 27.
[38] Info World, July 22, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 29.
[41] Info World, August 12, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 32.
[44] Info World, October 7, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 40.
[45] Info World, October 21, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 42.
[46] Apple Computer, Inc., http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/timeline.html, 1995 OCT 10.
[47] Info World, October 28, 1991, Volume 13, Issue 43.
[60] Info World, May 17, 1993, Volume 15, Issue 20.
[64] Info World, July 19, 1993, Volume 15, Issue 29.
[65] Info World, August 2, 1993, Volume 15, Issue 31.
[66] Info World, August 9, 1993, Volume 15, Issue 32.
[68] Info World, September 6, 1993, Volume 15, Issue 36.
[75] Info World, January 31, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 5.
[76] Info World, February 21, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 8.
[81] PC Magazine, November 13, 1984, Volume 3, Number 22.
[89] Info World, August 1, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 31.
[90] Info World, August 29, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 35.
[93] Info World, September 19, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 38.
[95] Info World, October 17, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 42.
[96] Info World, October 24, 1994, Volume 16, Issue 43.
[105] Info World, April 10, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 15.
[106] PC Magazine, November 12, 1985, Volume 4, Number 23.
[107] PC Magazine, February 25, 1986, Volume 5, Number 4.
[108] PC Magazine, November 25, 1986, Volume 5, Number 20.
[109] PC Magazine, January 13, 1987, Volume 6, Number 1.
[116] PC Magazine, May 26, 1987, Volume 6, Number 10.
[117] PC Magazine, July 21, 1987, Volume 6, Number 13.
[118] PC Magazine, September 29, 1987, Volume 6, Number 16.
[120] PC Magazine, November 24, 1987, Volume 6, Number 20.
[123] Microsoft Corp., http://library.microsoft.com/msinfo/mshist.htm, 1995 JUN 16.
[125] Info World, June 19, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 25.
[127] Info World, May 15, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 20.
[128] Info World, June 26, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 26.
[130] PC Magazine, April 12, 1988, Volume 7, Number 7.
[131] PC Magazine, August, 1988, Volume 7, Number 14.
[133] PC Magazine, November 29, 1988, Volume 7, Number 20.
[134] PC Magazine, September 12, 1989, Volume 8, Number 15.
[135] PC Magazine, January 16, 1990, Volume 9, Number 1.
[136] PC Magazine, May 15, 1990, Volume 9, Number 9.
[137] PC Magazine, June 26, 1990, Volume 9, Number 12.
[138] PC Magazine, August, 1990, Volume 9, Number 14.
[139] Creative Computing, March 1985, Volume 11, Number 3.
[142] IBM, http://www.ibm.com/Newsfeed, 1995 OCT 31.
[145] Motorola Semiconductor Products, http://www.motserv.indirect.com.
[146] PC Magazine, September 24, 1991, Volume 10, Number 16.
[150] PC Magazine, April 28, 1992, Volume 11, Number 8.
[154] Compute!, December 1986, Issue 79, Volume 8, Number 12.
[162] UnixWorld, November 1990, Volume 7, Number 11.
[170] UnixWorld, September 1991, Volume 8, Number 9.
[176] BYTE, September 1995, Volume 20, Number 9.
[184] Macworld, April 1995.
[185] The Dream Machine - Exploring the Computer Age, by Jon Palfreman and Doron Swade, 1991.
[188] PC Week, October 24, 1994, Volume 11, Number 42.
[197] Power Portable Computing - The IBM PC Convertible, by Dick Conklin, 1987.
[202] The Untold Story of the Computer Revolution - Bits, Bytes, Bauds & Brains, by G. Harry Stine, 1985.
[203] Understanding Computers - The Personal Computer, by Time-Life Books, 1989.
[205] Inside the Power PC Revolution, by Jeff Duntemann and Ron Pronk, 1994.
[206] BYTE, November 1994, Volume 19, Number 11.
[212] PC Magazine, October 25, 1994, Volume 13, Number 18.
[218] Apple II History, http://apple2history.org, 1992 MAY 12.
[228] Info World, November 20, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 47.
[239] PC Magazine, January 10, 1995, Volume 14, Number 1.
[264] BYTE, January 1982, Volume 7, Number 1.
[266] Fire in the Valley - The Making of the Personal Computer, by Paul Freiberger and Michael Swaine, 1984.
[277] Creative Computing, November 1981, Volume 7, Number 11.
[283] Info World, January 8, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 2.
[284] PC Magazine, December 5, 1995, Volume 14, Number 21.
[287] Creative Computing, August 1982, Volume 8, Number 8.
[288] Creative Computing, September 1982, Volume 8, Number 9.
[293] Info World, January 15, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 3.
[294] Microprocessor Report, May 6, 1996, Volume 10, Number 6.
[295] Info World, January 29, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 5.
[301] Info World, February 26, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 9.
[307] Personal Computing, October 1988.
[308] Personal Computing, November 1988.
[311] PC Magazine, July 1994, Volume 13, Number 13.
[313] Personal Computing, January 1989.
[321] Info World, August 28, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 35.
[327] Family & Home Office Computing, March 1988, Volume 6, Number 3.
[329] Personal Computing, February 1988.
[330] Personal Computing, March 1988.
[346] The Making of Microsoft, by Daniel Ichbiah and Susan Knepper, 1991.
[347] Info World, October 23, 1995, Volume 17, Issue 43.
[351] Computer Entertainment, August 1985, Volume 3, Number 8.
[357] Computer Entertainment, July 1985, Volume 3, Number 7.
[361] Computing Now!, November 1992, Volume 10, Number 7.
[377] PC Week, June 26, 1995, Volume 12, Number 25.
[379] PC Magazine, January 24, 1995, Volume 14, Number 2.
[381] Technology in Government, April 1996, Volume 3, Number 4.
[383] ComputerWorld, June 12, 1995, Volume 29, Number 24.
[385] ComputerWorld, June 26, 1995, Volume 29, Number 26.
[389] ComputerWorld, October 16, 1995, Volume 29, Number 42.
[396] BYTE, June 1982, Volume 7, Number 6.
[397] Computerworld, November 13, 1995, Volume 29, Number 46.
[399] Computerworld, December 4, 1995, Volume 29, Number 49.
[400] Computerworld, December 11, 1995, Volume 29, Number 50.
[411] Microprocessor Report, January 22, 1996, Volume 10, Number 1.
[414] Macworld, February 1992, Volume 9, Number 2.
[415] The Road Ahead, by Bill Gates, 1995.
[416] Macworld, September 1991, Volume 8, Number 9.
[417] Macworld, December 1991, Volume 8, Number 12.
[431] PC Magazine, March 12, 1996, Volume 15, Number 5.
[433] PC Week, November 20, 1995, Volume 12, Number 46.
[439] PC Week, December 25, 1995, Volume 12, Number 51.
[443] BYTE, February 1983, Volume 8, Number 2.
[444] BYTE, March 1983, Volume 8, Number 3.
[447] BYTE, April 1983, Volume 8, Number 4.
[448] Amazing Computing for the Commodore Amiga, September 1989, Volume 4, Number 9.
[462] PC Week, January 29, 1996, Volume 13, Number 4.
[471] PC Week, February 12, 1996, Volume 13, Number 6.
[477] PC Computing, March 1993, Volume 6, Number 3.
[479] PC Computing, March 1994, Volume 7, Number 3.
[481] New York Times, June 9, 1984.
[483] New York Times, July 31, 1984.
[493] Info World, June 3, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 23.
[501] Compute, January 1994, Volume 16, Number 1, Issue 160.
[502] PC World, July 1990, Volume 8, Number 7.
[504] Windows Magazine, October 1994, Volume 5, Number 10.
[505] Windows Magazine, December 1994, Volume 5, Number 12.
[506] Windows Magazine, March 1994, Volume 5, Number 3.
[511] PC Magazine, February 12, 1991, Volume 10, Number 3.
[521] PC Today, April 1996, Volume 10, Number 4.
[522] PC Magazine, December 27, 1988, Volume 7, Number 22.
[525] PC Week, July 8, 1996, Volume 13, Number 27.
[537] Windows Magazine, January 1994, Volume 5, Number 1.
[544] PC Magazine, August, 1993, Volume 12, Number 14.
[545] PC Magazine, October 12, 1993, Volume 12, Number 17.
[548] PC Roadkill, by Michael Hyman, 1995.
[566] Info World, September 30, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 40.
[568] Microprocessor Report, July 31, 1995, Volume 9, Number 10.
[569] Datamation, August 1996, Volume 42, Number 14.
[571] PC Week, September 23, 1996, Volume 13, Number 38.
[573] Info World, October 7, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 41.
[582] Macworld, February 1994, Volume 11, Number 2.
[585] Datamation, July 1996, Volume 42, Number 13.
[605] Info World, November 25, 1996, Volume 18, Issue 48.
[606] Computer Wars - The Fall of IBM and the Future of Global Technology, by Charles H. Ferguson and Charles R. Morris, 1994.
[607] PC World, December 1996, Volume 14, Number 12.
[609] PC Magazine, February 4, 1997, Volume 16, Number 3.
[615] Knights of the New Technology - The Inside Story of Canada's Computer Elite, by David Thomas, 1983.
[618] Accidental Empires - How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date, by Robert X. Cringely, 1992.
[620] PC Magazine, March 25, 1997, Volume 16, Number 6.
[622] Microprocessor Report, June 19, 1995, Volume 9, Number 8.
[630] Mac Home Journal, March 1996, Volume 4, Number 3.
[631] Computer Life, June 1996, Volume 3, Number 6.
[646] PC Computing, June 1990, Volume 3, Number 6.
[658] Home Computer Magazine, 1984, Volume 4, Number 1.
[682] MacUser, November 1991, Volume 7, Number 11.
[686] MacUser, February 1993, Volume 9, Number 2.
[688] PC Magazine, June 30, 1992, Volume 11, Number 12.
[689] PC Magazine, May 31, 1994, Volume 13, Number 10.
[696] BYTE, December 1992, Volume 17, Number 14.
[704] BYTE, February 1992, Volume 17, Number 2.
[716] Fumbling the Future - How Xerox Invented, the Ignored, the First Personal Computer, by Douglas Smith and Robert Alexander, 1988.
[728] MacUser, February 1992, Volume 8, Number 2.
[733] MacUser, October 1993, Volume 9, Number 10.
[734] Steve Jobs and the NeXT Big Thing, by Randall Stross, 1993.
[739] Macworld, December 1997, Volume 14, Number 12.
[746] BYTE, August 1993, Volume 18, Number 9.
[748] PC Magazine, January 12, 1993, Volume 12, Number 1.
[769] PC Magazine, February 26, 1991, Volume 10, Number 4.
[778] PC Magazine, December 20, 1994, Volume 13, Number 22.
[782] Windows Magazine, August 1995, Volume 6, Number 9.
[795] PC World, November 1990, Volume 8, Number 11.
[798] PC Magazine, June 9, 1998, Volume 17, Number 11.
[835] PC Magazine, March 23, 1999, Volume 18, Number 6.
[838] PC Magazine, May 25, 1999, Volume 18, Number 10.
[840] ComputerWorld Canada, April 9, 1999, Volume 15, Number 7.
[856] Microprocessor Report, December 26, 1994, Volume 8, Number 17.
[858] OS/2 Magazine, December 1994, Volume 1, Number 12.
[861] Mac Addict, September 1996, Volume 1, Number 1.
[862] BYTE, May 1983, Volume 8, Number 5.
[879] PC Magazine, April 27, 1993, Volume 12, Number 8.
[880] The Canadian Business Guide to Microcomputers, 4th Edition, by Robert Parker, 1985.
[881] MacUser, February 1995, Volume 11, Number 2.
[884] MacUser, September 1996, Volume 12, Number 9.
[902] BYTE, November 1983, Volume 8, Number 11.
[906] PC Magazine, November 27, 1990, Volume 9, Number 20.
[909] Windows Magazine, December 1995, Volume 6, Number 14.
[910] BYTE, December 1983, Volume 8, Number 12.
[912] BYTE, June 1984, Volume 9, Number 6.
[914] Computer Graphics World, August 1992, Volume 15, Number 8.
[930] West of Eden - The End of Innocence of Apple Computer, by Frank Rose, 1989.
[933] Computer Graphics World, December 1992, Volume 15, Number 12.
[935] Windows Sources, December 1997, Volume 5, Number 12.
[936] Microprocessor Report, December 5, 1994, Volume 8, Number 16.
[945] PC World, November 1998, Volume 16, Number 11.
[948] PC Magazine, April 7, 1998, Volume 17, Number 7.
[949] BYTE, April 1984, Volume 9, Number 4.
[950] BYTE, May 1984, Volume 9, Number 5.
[958] Fortune, July 26, 1993, Volume 128, Number 2.
[965] Microprocessor Report, December 9, 1992, Volume 6, Number 16.
[970] New York Times, January 9, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45188.
[988] Microprocessor Report, August 2, 1993, Volume 7, Number 10.
[992] New York Times, January 13, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45922.
[995] Electronic Design, May 13, 1982, Volume 30, Number 10.
[997] New York Times, January 16, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45925.
[1001] New York Times, January 20, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45929.
[1004] New York Times, January 25, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45934.
[1009] PC World, November 1997, Volume 15, Number 11.
[1011] BYTE, October 1997, Volume 22, Number 10.
[1021] Microprocessor Report, October 24, 1994, Volume 8, Number 14.
[1025] New York Times, June 11, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45341.
[1041] New York Times, June 18, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45348.
[1052] ComputerWorld Canada, April 21, 2000, Volume 16, Number 8.
[1057] BYTE, June 1992, Volume 17, Number 6.
[1060] New York Times, August 1, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45392.
[1064] BYTE, January 1990, Volume 15, Number 1.
[1067] BYTE, May 1992, Volume 17, Number 5.
[1069] BYTE, October 1989, Volume 14, Number 10.
[1076] Easy Home Computer, May 1984, Volume 2, Number 4.
[1080] BYTE, January 1992, Volume 17, Number 1.
[1087] New York Times, September 16, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45438.
[1089] Victoria Times Colonist, April 18, 2000.
[1093] BYTE, September 1992, Volume 17, Number 9.
[1095] BYTE, October 1990, Volume 15, Number 10.
[1096] Windows Magazine, August 1999, Volume 10, Number 8.
[1099] Microprocessor Report, December 6, 1993, Volume 7, Number 16.
[1112] PC World, December 1999, Volume 17, Number 12.
[1123] ComputerWorld Canada, May 18, 2001, Volume 17, Number 10.
[1128] Creative Computing, July 1985, Volume 11, Number 7.
[1133] 80 Micro, May 1986, Issue 76.
[1142] Windows Sources, February 1998, Volume 6, Number 2.
[1144] Windows Sources, January 1998, Volume 6, Number 1.
[1149] Hard Drive - Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire, by James Wallace and Jim Erickson, 1992.
[1150] New York Times, August 13, 1981, Volume 130, Number 45039.
[1151] New York Times, August 23, 1981, Volume 130, Number 45049.
[1158] PC Magazine, March 10, 1998, Volume 17, Number 5.
[1164] New York Times, October 31, 1981, Volume 130, Number 45118.
[1165] New York Times, November 5, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45488.
[1168] PC Magazine, December 19, 2000, Volume 19, Number 22.
[1178] Smart Computing, July 1999, Volume 10, Number 7.
[1194] PC Magazine, October 19, 1999, Volume 18, Number 18.
[1205] Mac Addict, April 1999, Volume 4, Number 4, Issue 32.
[1230] Smart Computing, March 2000, Volume 11, Number 3.
[1236] Smart Computing, December 2000, Volume 11, Number 12.
[1237] Business Week, August 10, 1981.
[1239] Business Week, August 24, 1981.
[1244] Macworld, December 1996, Volume 13, Number 12.
[1256] PC Magazine, March 12, 2002, Volume 21, Number 5.
[1260] PC World, December 2000, Volume 18, Number 12.
[1264] PC Magazine, December 22, 1992, Volume 11, Number 22.
[1280] Computer Buyer's Guide and Handbook, October 1999, Volume 18, Number 20.
[1284] New York Times, February 1, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45941.
[1291] New York Times, February 17, 1984, Volume 133, Number 45957.
[1297] New York Times, January 9, 1992, Volume 141, Number 48840.
[1298] PC Magazine, September 4, 2001, Volume 20, Number 15.
[1299] Gates, by Stephen Manes and Paul Andrews, 1994.
[1302] New York Times, April 21, 1982.
[1303] New York Times, December 4, 1982, Volume 131, Number 45517.
[1309] IBM PERSONAL SYSTEM/2 REFERENCE GUIDE, by David Whittle, http://www.computercraft.com/docs/ps2ref6.html, 1989 JUN 21.
[1310] IBM Highlights, 1970-1984.
[1311] IBM Highlights, 1985-1989.
[1312] IBM Highlights, 1990-1995.
[1313] New York Times, March 9, 1983.
[1314] New York Times, March 16, 1983.
[1316] New York Times, March 27, 1983.
[1323] IBM Highlights, 1996-2002.
[1329] New York Times, March 3, 1981.
[1339] New York Times, February 22, 1984.
[1342] New York Times, March 10, 1984.
[1350] New York Times, August 15, 1984.
[1354] New York Times, September 26, 1984.
[1355] New York Times, October 26, 1984.
[1380] New York Times, July 19, 1985.
[1384] New York Times, August 9, 1985.
[1385] New York Times, August 22, 1985.
[1388] New York Times, October 16, 1985.
[1391] New York Times, January 22, 1986.
[1393] New York Times, April 3, 1986.
[1397] New York Times, April 3, 1987.
[1399] New York Times, September 15, 1986.
[1404] New York Times, November 10, 1987.
[1408] New York Times, April 22, 1988.
[1427] PC World, July 1998, Volume 16, Number 7.
[1436] ComputerWorld Canada, August 8, 2003, Volume 19, Number 16.
[1439] Marketing, June 7, 1999, Volume 104, Number 22.
[1469] PC Magazine, March 11, 2003, Volume 22, Number 4.
[1528] Windows Magazine, February 1995, Volume 6, Number 2.
[1559] CNet News.com, http://www.news.com.com.
[1572] BYTE, November 1992, Volume 17, Number 12.
[1574] Pen Computing, June 1999, Volume 6, Number 28.
[1586] Windows Magazine, June 1995, Volume 6, Number 6.
[1597] Macworld, October 1997, Volume 14, Number 10.
[1601] Computer Power User, March 2004, Volume 4, Number 3.
[1602] Computer Power User, April 2004, Volume 4, Number 4.
[1606] Computer Power User, August 2004, Volume 4, Number 8.
[1612] Computer Power User, February 2005, Volume 5, Number 2.
[1629] Smart Computing, January 1999, Volume 10, Number 1.
[1630] Smart Computing, February 1999, Volume 10, Number 2.
[1631] Smart Computing, April 1999, Volume 10, Number 4.
[1639] PC Magazine, August 1998, Volume 17, Number 14.
[1642] PC Magazine, November 3, 1998, Volume 17, Number 19.
[1644] Game Informer, May 2005, Volume 15, Number 5, Issue 145.
[1648] Computer Power User, February 2003, Volume 3, Number 2.
[1657] New York Times, January 24, 1995, Volume 144, Number 49951.
[1659] New York Times, January 26, 1995, Volume 144, Number 49953.
[1698] ComputerWorld Canada, August 5, 2005, Volume 21, Number 16.
[1701] Microsoft Secrets - How the World's Most Powerful Software Company Creates Technology, Shapes Markets, and Manages people, by Michael Cusumano and Richard Selby, 1998.
[1702] Once Upon a Time in ComputerLand - The Amazing, Billion-Dollar Tale of Bill Millard, by Jonathan Littman, 1987.
[1711] U.S. v. Microsoft, by Joel Brinkley and Steve Lohr, 2001.
[1732] Computer Games, November 2003, Number 156.
[1742] Business Week, March 27, 2000.
[1748] Business Week, July 31, 2000.
[1755] Business Week, May 22, 2000.
[1772] Business Week, January 21, 2002.
[1776] Computer Power User, May 2003, Volume 3, Number 5.
[1799] ComputerWorld Canada, November 11, 2005, Volume 21, Number 23.
[1805] ComputerWorld Canada, February 17, 2006, Volume 22, Number 4.
[1876] Macworld, June 2005, Volume 22, Number 6.
[1880] Macworld, June 2003, Volume 20, Number 6.
[1895] New York Times, January 26, 1997, Volume 146, Number 50684.
[1896] New York Times, January 27, 1997, Volume 146, Number 50685.
[1897] PC Magazine, November 8, 2005, Volume 24, Number 19.
[1918] Macworld (UK), June 2005.
[1949] Business Week, July 8, 2002, Number 3790.
[1958] Business Week, February 3, 2003, Number 3818.
[2065] Computer Power User, August 2006, Volume 6, Number 8.
[2078] You've Got Mail. Directed by Nora Ephron. Warner Bros. Pictures. 1998.
[2097] Newsweek, August 7, 2006, Volume 148, Number 6.
[2122] New York Times, June 7, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47894.
[2126] New York Times, June 21, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47908.
[2137] New York Times, July 15, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47932.
[2144] New York Times, July 26, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47943.
[2164] New York Times, April 5, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47831.
[2204] New York Times, May 6, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47862.
[2205] New York Times, May 9, 1989, Volume 138, Number 47865.
[2238] Computer Power User, October 2006, Volume 6, Number 10.
[2324] Business Week, October 25, 2004, Number 3905.
[2442] PC Magazine, December 5, 2006, Volume 25, Number 22.
[2581] Retro Gamer, Number 69. (about November 2009)
[2605] Apple Confidential 2.0, by Owen W. Linzmayer, 2008.
[2653] Video Games and Computer Entertainment, September 1992, Volume 4, Number 9.

Copyright © 1995-2022
e-mail:
URL: https://pctimeline.info/ibmpc/
Link to Ken P's home page.