Chronology of IBM Personal Computers

Copyright © 2006-2022
internet e-mail:
All rights reserved. Permission is granted to create web links
to this site, not to copy these pages to other web sites.
URL: https://pctimeline.info/ibmpc/

References are numbered in [brackets], which are listed here. A number after the dot gives the page in the source.

Last updated: 2022 April 29.


1996

January
  • IBM releases OS/2 for PowerPC-based computers. [293.35]
  • Compaq Computer and IBM announce that future PCs will support the CEBus (Consumer Electronics Bus) standard. [631.39]
February
  • IBM announces it is abandoning plans to develop its Power Personal Series line of PowerPC-based desktop PCs. [301.3] [381.11]
May 6
  • Apple licenses the Mac OS to IBM, which may sub-license it to other manufacturers. [861.31] [294] [1244.40] [2605.254]
June
  • IBM announces the availability of "Long Trail", the first motherboard reference design based on the PowerPC Platform. [884.23]
September
  • The IBM Personal Computer Company releases the IBM Series 365, the first IBM PCs with an option for dual Intel processors. [571.10]
September 25
  • IBM launches OS/2 Warp 4, in San Francisco, California. New features include Java technology, voice recognition software, and Open32 Win32 APIs. Price is US$249; upgrade is US$149. It is the first operating system to include built-in speech navigation and recognition. [566.94] [607.62] [1158.142] [1323] [1559] (October [573.109])
November
  • IBM shows a prototype Professional Workstation at Fall COMDEX, with a 16.1-inch color active-matrix flat-panel LCD screen. [605.27]
October-December
  • Market share of personal computers in the US during September to December: Compaq Computer 14%, IBM 9.6%, Packard Bell 8.5%, Dell Computer 8, Gateway 2000 7.1%, Toshiba 6.9%, Hewlett-Packard 6.7%, Apple Computer 5.2%, Acer 4.2%, NEC 2.8%. [1559]
Year
  • Network operating system market share: NetWare 30.7%, Windows NT Server 22.7%, Unix (all types) 19.1%, IBM OS/2 10.7%, others 16.8%. [1142.58]
  • Shipments of IBM personal computers worldwide during the year: 6.09 million. [1896.D2]
  • Worldwide personal computer market share: Compaq Computer 10.1%, IBM 8.6%, Packard Bell/NEC 6%, Apple Computer 5.5%, Dell Computer 4%, Hewlett-Packard 4%. [948.9] [1895.S3.16] [1896.D2]

1997

June 6
  • IBM introduces Aptiva C3D computers with DVD-ROM drives. Prices range from US$1799 to US$2899. [1559]
June 16
  • At the PC Expo trade show, IBM announces plans to produce NetPC computers. [1559]
September 8
  • IBM halts plans to ship a NetPC computer. [1009.67] [1144.172] [1559]
September
  • IBM announces that IBM Microelectronics will cease licensing the Macintosh OS. [739.30]
    (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
September 23
  • IBM announces the IBM WorkPad handheld computer. It features 1 MB RAM. Weight is 6 ounces; price is US$399. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • IBM releases the IBM Aptiva S6S computer. It features a 266 MHz Pentium II processor, 512 kB L2 cache, 48 MB SDRAM, 17-inch MM75 multimedia monitor, ATI AGP video, 6.4 GB hard drive, two USB ports, Lotus SmartSuite 97, for US$3948. [935.88]
  • The IBM Personal Computer company introduces the ThinkPad 770 portable computer. It features 14.1-inch color thin-film transistor 1280x1024 resolution screen, 64-bit Trident graphics chip set, 233 MHz Pentium MMX, 32 MB RAM, 5.1 GB hard drive, UltraBay II storage slot, MPEG-2 hardware decoder, USB ports, PC Card slots. The storage slot can hold a DVD drive, floppy drive, CD-ROM drive, Zip drive, hard drive, or battery pack. Price is about US$7000. This is the first notebook computer with a DVD-ROM drive. [1011.37] [1602.39]
October-December
  • Market share of personal computers in the US during October to December: Compaq Computer 19%, Dell Computer 9.9%, Gateway 8.3%, IBM 9.9%, Hewlett-Packard 6.8%, Apple Computer 3.4%. [1559]
Year
  • Personal computer market share in Canada based on sales for the year: Compaq 19.8%, IBM 16.0%, Dell 7.4%, Hewlett-Packard 4.8%, Toshiba 4.4%, Packard Bell NEC 4.4%, Apple Computer 4.1%, Seanix 3.0%, Sidus 2.5%. [1439.21]
  • Shipments of IBM notebook computers in the US during the year: 785,000. [1639.152]
  • Worldwide IBM personal computer unit sales during the year: 6.5 million. [1194.108]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during the year: Compaq Computer 13.1%, IBM 8.6%, Dell Computer 5.5%, Hewlett-Packard 5.3%, Packard Bell NEC 5.1%. [1559]
  • Worldwide non-Apple personal computer market share: Compaq Computer 12%, IBM 9%, Packard Bell/NEC 5%, Dell Computer 6%, Hewlett-Packard 5%. [948.9]
  • Market share of personal computer operating systems worldwide during the year: Windows 95 69.4%, MS-DOS 10%, Windows NT workstation 9.2%, Mac OS 4.6%, Linux 2.4%, Unix 1%, OS/2 0.8%, other 2.7%. [1427.57] [1639.105]
  • Market share of home personal computers in the US for the year: Packard Bell NEC 23.3%, Compaq Computer 18.8%, Gateway 11.1%, IBM 7.0%, Acer 5.9%, Apple Computer 5.0%, other 28.9%. [1748.108]
  • Market share of desktop operating systems in the US: Windows 95/98 69.4%, Windows NT Workstation 9.2%, Windows 3.x (with DOS) 7.7%, Mac OS 4.6%, Linux 2.4%, DOS (IBM, Digital Research, Microsoft) 2.3%, Unix 1.0%, OS/2 Warp 0.8%, other 2.7%. [1427.54,58]

1998

April
  • IBM launches the ThinkPad 600 portable computer. It features a titanium case. [1559]
June
  • IBM's Microelectronics Division ends participation in the PowerPC alliance. [2605.70]
September
  • In Japan, IBM Japan Yamato Laboratory introduces a prototype IBM Wearable PC. It features 233 MHz processor, 340 MB IBM Microdrive, two-hour battery pack, Windows 98, ViaVoice voice recognition software, 320x240 display on headset, TrackPoint controller in handheld unit, USB and infrared ports, CompactFlash slot. [1642.10]
July-September
  • Market share of personal computers in the US for the period July-September: Compaq Computer 15.0%, Dell Computer 13.4%, IBM 8.9%, Hewlett-Packard 8.4%, Gateway 8.2%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computers shipped worldwide for the period July-September: Compaq Computer 13.4%, IBM 8.4%, Dell Computer 8.2%, Hewlett-Packard 5.9%, Gateway 3.8%. [1559]
October
  • Quote by IBM chairman and CEO Louis Gerstner in an interview with CNBC: "the era of the PC is over". [1178.50]
October 29
  • IBM announces an Aptiva personal computer, with 3.2 GB hard drive, 24x CD-ROM drive, IBM 300 Performance MMX processor, 32 MB RAM, Lotus SmartSuite and modem, for US$599. IBM is the first major American computer maker to break the US$600 mark. [1559] [1630.33]
December 11
  • Warner Bros. Pictures releases the film You've Got Mail to theaters in the USA. An IBM laptop computer is used throughout the film. [2078]
October-December
  • Market share of personal computers in the world during October to December: Compaq Computer 14.5%, Dell Computer 8.5%, IBM 8.7%, Hewlett-Packard 6.3%, NEC 6.5%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computers in the USA during October to December: Compaq Computer 18.1%, Dell Computer 12.8%, Gateway 9.1%, IBM 9.1%, Hewlett-Packard 7.2%, Apple Computer 4.5%. [1559]
Year
  • Personal computer market share in Canada based on sales for the year: Compaq 21.5%, IBM 19.6%, Dell 10.2%, Hewlett-Packard 7.0%, Toshiba 4.7%, Apple Computer 4.0%, Packard Bell NEC 3.3%, Seanix 2.8%, Acer 1.6%, Sidus 1.5%. [1439.21]
  • Worldwide IBM personal computer unit sales: 7.5 million. [1194.108]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during the year: Compaq Computer 13.8%, IBM 8.2%, Dell Computer 7.9%, Hewlett-Packard 5.8%, Packard Bell NEC 4.3%. [1559]
  • Intel processor-based personal computer market share for the year: Compaq Computer 13.8%, IBM 8.2%, Dell Computer 7.9%, Hewlett-Packard 5.8%, Packard Bell NEC 4.3%. [835.10]

1999

March
  • IBM and Dell Computer announce a seven-year technology pact, worth US$16 billion, in which IBM will supply Dell Computer with various components and technology. [840.10]
April 11
  • In San Diego, California, the DemoMobile 99 Conference is held, over three days. IBM announces the WorkPad z50 portable computer. It features 8.2-inch VGA 64,000 color screen, 131 MHz NEC VR4121 RISC processor, Windows CE operating system. Size is 10.2 x 8 x 1 inches; weight is 2.6 pounds; price is US$999. [1574.8]
April 19
  • IBM introduces the IBM ThinkPad 570 portable computer. It features 300 to 366 MHz mobile Pentium II, 4 GB hard drive, external floppy drive, 64 MB RAM, 12.1- to 13.3-inch inch TFT LCD screen, USB port. Weight is 3.9 pounds; price is US$2700-4000. Optional US$119 UltraBase adds MIDI, second USB port, and two docking bays for CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, LS-120 SuperDisk, 100 MB Zip drive, second hard drive, floppy drive, or battery. [1096.57] [1559]
May 5
  • IBM unveils the IBM WorkPad z50 handheld computer. It features Windows CE, 64,000-color 8.2-inch LCD screen, NEC MIPS 133 MHz processor, 20 MB ROM, 16 MB RAM, keyboard, 33 kbps modem, 8-hour battery life. Weight is 2.6 pounds; price is US$999. [1559]
July-September
  • Market share of personal computers in the US for the period July-September: Dell Computer 17.1%, Compaq Computer 15.3%, Gateway 9.3%, Hewlett-Packard 8.2%, IBM 7.6%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computers shipped worldwide for the period July-September: Compaq Computer 12.8%, Dell Computer 10.8%, IBM 7.6%, Hewlett-Packard 6.2%, Gateway 4.3%. [1559]
October
  • IBM announces it will cease sales of personal computers in retail stores, to concentrate on direct sales, Internet, and other channels. [1742.114]
October-December
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during October to December: Compaq Computer 13.7%, Dell Computer 10.1%, IBM 7.6%, Hewlett-Packard 7.5%, Fujitsu Siemens 5.2%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments in the US during October to December: Dell Computer 16.8%, Compaq Computer 16.1%, Hewlett-Packard 10.2%, Gateway 9.2%, IBM 5.5%, Apple Computer 3.9%. [1559]
Year
  • Market share of personal computer shipments in the US during the year: Dell Computer 16.6%, Compaq Computer 16.1%, Gateway 8.9%, Hewlett-Packard 8.8%, IBM 7.3%, Apple Computer 4.4%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during the year: Compaq Computer 13.9%, Dell Computer 10.5%, IBM 8.2%, Hewlett-Packard 6.7%, NEC 5.5%, Fujitsu Siemens 5.5%, Apple Computer 3.4%. [1559]

2000

March
  • Unit shipments of IBM ThinkPad computers to date: 10 million. [1559]
January-March
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during January to March: Compaq Computer 13%, Dell Computer 10.5%, Hewlett-Packard 8.1%, IBM 6.1%, Fujitsu-Siemens 5.6%. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • IBM ships the 10 millionth ThinkPad portable computer. [1052.3]
April
  • IBM ships the NetVista personal computer. [1742.114]
May 1
  • IBM announces the ThinkPad T20 portable computer, replacing the 600 series. It features 13.3-14.1 inch display, drive bay for CD / DVD / LS 120 SuperDrive, Ethernet, modem, TV out port, 1.3-inch thick, 5 pounds weight, 650-700 MHz Pentium III processor, 12-20 GB hard drive, 128-512 MB RAM, price US$3099-3999. [1755.28]
(month unknown)
  • IBM releases the ThinkPad i Series of portable computers. This is the first notebook computer with integrated wireless capabilities. [1602.39]
July
  • Market share of notebook computers, by units shipped: Compaq Computer 26.2%, IBM 21.8%, Toshiba 21.1%. [1236.42]
July-September
  • World IBM personal computer shipments for July to end of September: 2,458,000. [1168.79]
Year
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during the year: Compaq Computer 12.8%, Dell Computer 10.8%, Hewlett-Packard 7.6%, IBM 6.8%, NEC 4.3%. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computers in the US during the year: Dell Computer 19.1%, Compaq Computer 15.4%, Hewlett-Packard 11.4%, Gateway 8.6%, IBM 5.4%. [1559]

2001

January
  • IBM introduces the TransNote portable computer, a pen-based ThinkPad that can input text written on paper. [1559]
May
  • IBM simplifies its product line in the US, eliminating processors by Advanced Micro Devices. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • IBM releases the NetVista A60 desktop computer, with 80 GB hard drive, 1.7 GHz Pentium 4 processor, four drive bays, four expansion slots, for US$3829. [1123.29]
Year
  • Unit shipments of IBM personal computers worldwide during the year: 8.2 million. [1469.27]
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during the year: Dell Computer 13.2%, Compaq Computer 11.1%, Hewlett-Packard 7.2%, IBM 6.4%, NEC 3.8%, Toshiba 2.8%. [1469.27] [1559]
  • Market share of personal computers in the US: Dell 25%, Compaq Computer 12%, Hewlett-Packard 9%, Gateway 8%, IBM 6%, others 41%. [1256.8]
  • Unit shipments of IBM WorkPad computers during the year: 180,900. [1559]

2002

January 8
  • IBM announces it will no longer manufacture desktop personal computers in most of the world. It will sell its desktop facilities in US and Europe to Sanmina-SCI. [1772.40]
February
  • IBM discontinues the TransNote portable computer. [1559]
(month unknown)
  • In the USA, the Industrial Design Excellence Awards are decided: Silver Award for IBM Net Vista X41 personal computer, which clamps to a desktop, with entire computer elevated and located behind LCD display. [1949.83]
August
  • IBM releases the ThinkPad X30 portable computer, with Bluetooth and 802.11b wireless communications. [1559]
October 5
  • In the ten years since introducing the first ThinkPad computer, IBM has sold 15 million units. [1559]
October-December
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during October to December: Hewlett-Packard 16%, Dell 15.6%, IBM 5.1%. [1559]
Year
  • Unit shipments of personal computers worldwide during the year: Hewlett-Packard 21.5 million, Dell Computer 20.1 million, IBM 7.9 million, NEC 4.6 million, Toshiba 4.2 million. [1469.27]
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during the year: Hewlett-Packard 16.2%, Dell Computer 15.2%, IBM 6.0%, NEC 3.4%, Toshiba 3.2%. [1469.27] [1559]

2003

March 12
  • IBM releases the ThinkPad X31 and ThinkPad T40 portable computers, based on Intel's Pentium-M processor. [1776.87]
(month unknown)
  • IBM releases the ThinkPad T41 notebook computer. It features Windows XP Professional, 1.4-1.7 GHz Pentium M processor, 30-60 GB hard drive, 256 MB to 1 GB RAM, CD-RW/DVD drive, 14.1-inch LCD display. The hard drive incorporates Active Protection System to quickly park the read-write head when a fall is detected. Weight is 4.5-5.4 pounds; price is US$1700-3700. [1602.39]
  • IBM releases the ThinkPad R50 notebook computer. It features Windows XP Professional, 1.4-1.7 GHz Pentium M processor, 30-60 GB hard drive, 256-512 MB RAM, CD-RW/DVD drive, 14.1- to 15.1-inch LCD display. The hard drive incorporates Active Protection System to quickly park the read-write head when a fall is detected. Weight is 6.3-6.8 pounds; price is US$1900-2800. [1602.39]
October-December
  • Market share of desktop personal computer shipments in the US during October to December: Dell 31%, Hewlett-Packard 22%, Gateway 8%, IBM 3.5%, Apple Computer 2.1%. [1559] [1876.17] [1918.32]
  • Market share of portable personal computer shipments in the US during October to December: Dell 26.6%, Hewlett-Packard 20%, Toshiba 12.3%, IBM 9%, Apple Computer 5.1%. [1876.17] [1918.32]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments worldwide during October to December: Hewlett-Packard 16.9%, Dell 16.3%, IBM 6%, Fujitsu Siemens 4%, Toshiba 3%. [1559]
Year
  • Market share of personal computer sales worldwide during the year: Dell 15-17%, Hewlett-Packard 14-16%, IBM 5%, Fujitsu Siemens 4%, Toshiba 3%. [1559] [1601.7]

2004

July-September
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during January to September: Dell Computer 16.4%, Hewlett-Packard 13.9%, IBM 5.2%, Fujitsu 3.8%, Acer 3.2%, Toshiba 3.2%, NEC 2.6%, Gateway 2.2%, Lenovo 2%, Apple 1.9%. [1559]
December 7
  • IBM announces it will sell its PC division to Lenovo Group of China, for about US$1.75 billion. IBM will retain 18.9 percent of Lenovo shares. [1559] [1612.7]
October-December
  • Market share of desktop personal computer shipments in the US during October to December: Dell 34.7%, Hewlett-Packard 20.9%, Gateway 7.7%, IBM 3%, Apple Computer 2.9%. [1876.17] [1918.32]
  • Market share of portable personal computer shipments in the US during October to December: Dell 28.9%, Hewlett-Packard 19%, Toshiba 12.5%, IBM 7.9%, Apple Computer 5%. [1876.17] [1918.32]
Year
  • Total shipments of IBM personal computers worldwide during the year: 10 million. [1559]

2005

January-March
  • Shipments of personal computers worldwide during January to March: 2.3 million. [1559]
  • Market share of personal computer shipments in the US during January to March: IBM 4.3%, Apple Computer 3.1-3.9 percent. [1559]
  • Shipments of IBM personal computers in the US during January to March: 627,000. [1559]
May 1
  • Lenovo of China completes its acquisition of IBM's personal computer business. [1559]
July
  • IBM announces it will discontinue support for the OS/2 operating system by the end of the year. [1559]
December 23
  • IBM discontinues all OS/2 products. [1559] [1698]

End of 1996-2005.
The complete timeline can be purchased in a PDF file for US$10 from the author.

You can pay now directly via PayPal. When I receive notification from PayPal, I will email you the PDF file.
Solution Graphics
or to request my mailing address to mail payment.

1952-1982 1983-1986 1987-1991 1992-1995 1996-end


A list of references to all source material is available.

Other web pages of interest: