Chronology of Apple Computer Personal Computers

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Last updated: 2022 April 29.


1993

January
  • Apple Computer debuts the StyleWriter II printer. [634.36]
  • Apple Computer shows off test versions of its Newton Personal Digital Assistants at the Winter Consumer Electronics Show. [46]
January (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Civilization. [1503.144]
February
  • Apple Computer makes its largest product announcement in its history, and makes it in Japan: the Macintosh Color Classic, Macintosh LC III, Macintosh Centris 610 and 650, Macintosh Quadra 800, and PowerBook 165c. [46] [53] [75]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Color Classic, replacing the Macintosh Classic II. It features a Sony Trinitron 10-inch built-in color display (512x384 pixels), 4 MB RAM, 80 MB hard drive, 16 MHz 68030, 256 kB video RAM, LC Processor Direct Slot, math coprocessor slot, for US$1389. [579.94] [718.100] [916.21]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh LC III. It features a 25 MHz 68030, 80 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, System 7.1, and 14-inch monitor, for US$1349. [581.94] [579.102] [718.100] [916.21]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Centris 610. It features a 20 MHz 68LC040, 80 MB hard drive (optional 230 MB), 4 MB RAM (optional 8 MB), 512 kB video RAM (optional 1 MB), System 7.1, for US$1859. [581.94] [579.106] [718.106] [916.21]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Centris 650. It features a 25 MHz 68LC040 (optional 68040 with math coprocessor), 80 MB hard drive (optional 230 MB or 500 MB), 4 MB RAM (optional 8 MB or 24 MB), 512 kB video RAM (optional 1 MB), and three NuBus slots for US$2699. [579.106] [916.21] (base model includes full 68040 [718.106])
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Quadra 800. It features a 33 MHz 68040, 230 MB hard drive (optional 500 MB or 1 GB), 8 MB RAM (optional 24 MB), 512 kB video RAM (optional 1 MB), and three NuBus slots, for US$4679. [579.114] [718.106] [916.21]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh PowerBook 165c. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 68882 math coprocessor, 80 MB hard drive (optional 160 MB), 8.9-inch (diagonal) color passive-matrix LCD screen, 4 MB RAM (optional 14 MB), 512 kB video RAM, floppy disk drive, System 7.1, for US$3399. It weighs 7 pounds. [579.120] [78.114] [916.21]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh IIci and the Quadra 700. [75]
  • Apple Computer ships the 10-millionth Macintosh computer, a Mac Color Classic. [46] [75] [1559] [2605.130]
February (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Prince of Persia. [1504.160]
March
  • Apple Computer cancels project Tesseract, which was working on a RISC-based Macintosh. Project Cognac continues, which is working on an alternative RISC design. [584.173]
March (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Prince of Persia. [1505.160]
April
  • At the Apple Worldwide Developers' Conference, Apple Computer gives its first public demonstration of a PowerPC Macintosh system, running a PowerPC601 processor at 80 MHz. [46] [985]
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  • John Sculley (CEO and Chairman of Apple Computer) quote: "I can see the day when Apple won't be in the personal computer business.". (Later in the year, John Sculley is no longer a CEO or Chairman of a company in the personal computer business.) [958.43]
April (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Prince of Persia. [2308.144]
May 19
  • Steve Wozniak presents an Apple PowerBook to Poland's President Lech Walesa. [2605.2]
May
  • Apple Computer holds a developers conference, inviting software companies to test their applications on the PowerPC-based Macintosh. None of the applications tested break the 680x0 emulator. [584.174]
(month unknown)
  • John Sculley (CEO and Chairman of Apple Computer) quote: "The personal computer business as we have known it is not very attractive for the Nineties." [958.2]
  • Apple Computer announces that future PowerPC Macintosh systems will incorporate the PCI expansion bus. [986]
June 1
  • U.S. District Court Judge Vaughn Walker rules against Apple Computer in its 63-month legal suit against Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard. The judge rules that ninety percent of the elements in Windows are covered by Microsoft's 1985 license from Apple Computer. Apple Computer files an appeal. [61] [75] [123] [389.29] [548.338] [580.191] [1299.463]
June
  • Apple Computer expands its PowerBook line with the PowerBook 180c and 145B. [46]
  • Apple Computer reports US$188 million quarterly loss. [75]
  • Total sales of Apple Macintosh PowerBook Duo systems reaches 100,000. [581.217]
June 18
  • John Sculley steps down as CEO of Apple Computer, remaining as chairman. [63] [71] [75] [634.33] [958.42] [2605.161,194]
  • The Apple Computer board of directors appoints Michael Spindler as CEO of the company. [75] [634.33] [958.43] [1886.69] [2605.161,194]
June (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Prince of Persia. [2309.176]
(month unknown)
  • Stephen Kahng founds Power Computing, in anticipation of Apple Computer licensing the Macintosh OS. [764.30]
  • Apple Computer ships PlainTalk speech recognition and synthesis extensions for the Macintosh. [1158.137]
July
  • Apple Computer announces layoffs of 2500, nearly 15% of its world-wide staff. [634.33] [1559]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Centris 660AV. It features a 33 MHz 68040, AT&T 3210 DSP, 1 MB video RAM, 8 MB RAM, and 230 MB hard drive. Codename during development was Tempest. [46] [75] [581.92] [634.34] (January [140])
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Quadra 840AV. It features a 40 MHz 68040, AT&T 3210 DSP, 1 MB video RAM, System 7.1 operating system, QuickTime, 8 MB RAM, NuBus 90 expansion slots, 230 MB hard drive, for US$4069. Codename during development was Cyclone. [46] [75] [581.30] [634.34] (January [140]) (August [733.37,76]
August 2
  • Apple Computer launches the Newton MessagePad 100 personal digital assistant at Macworld Expo, in Boston's Symphony Hall. It features 640 kB RAM, 3 MB of ROM storing applications and the operating system (Newton Intelligence), a low-voltage 20-MHz 32-bit ARM 610 microprocessor, 240x336 resolution (85 dpi) 2.8 x 4-inch LCD screen, one PCMCIA Type II expansion socket, data transfer of 9600bps, and runs 14 hours on four AAA batteries. 50,000 units sell in the first 10 weeks, but only 80,000 are sold during the product's life. [46] [140] [271.N7] [2015.187] [429.36] [582.21] [588.61] [1054] [1559] [1811.148] [1886.69] [2605.161,194] (4 MB of ROM [634.104]) (July [548.159])
August
  • Apple Computer ships the Apple PowerCD, a portable CD-ROM drive that supports audio CDs and Kodak Photo CDs as well. [2015.55]
August 24
  • Apple Computer loses its appeal of the ruling in favor of Microsoft in June, ending its legal battle against Microsoft Windows. [582.92] [1886.69] [2605.173]
August (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Prince of Persia. [1506.272]
September
  • Apple Computer's net sales hit a record US$8 billion for fiscal year. [46]
  • A coalition of hardware and software vendors announce the OpenDoc application integration initiative. Members include Apple Computer, Borland, IBM, Novell, Oracle, Taligent, WordPerfect, and Xerox. [687.120]
September (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Star Trek: 25th Anniversary. [1507.240]
(month unknown)
  • Apple Computer renames the Macintosh Centris 660AV as the Macintosh Quadra 660AV. [581.92]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh IIvx. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh IIvi. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 600. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Quadra 800. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 400. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 405. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 430. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 450. [581.98]
  • Apple Computer discontinues the Macintosh Performa 200. [581.98]
October 15
  • John Sculley announces his resignation as chairman of Apple Computer. He is replaced by Mike Markkula. [46] [71] [75] [1886.69] [2605.162]
October
  • Apple Computer announces Macintosh TV, which includes Apple CD 300i CD drive for audio CDs and data CD-ROMs, 640x240 resolution 14-inch TV, internal cable-TV tuner, 60 MB hard drive, 5 MB RAM, 1.4 MB SuperDrive, speakers, video ports, 32 MHz 68030 CPU, for US$2079. [46] [140] [2015.34] [662.37]
  • Apple Computer renames the Macintosh Centris 610 as the Macintosh Quadra 610. It features a 25 MHz 68040, Ethernet port, 8 MB RAM, 160 MB hard drive, and 512 kB video RAM. [75] [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh LC 475. It features a 25 MHz 68LC040, 80 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, 14-inch monitor, for US$1299. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 475. It features a 25 MHz 68LC040, 160 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 476. It features a 25 MHz 68LC040, 230 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 460. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 80 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, and 14-inch Performa Display monitor, for US$1300. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 466. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 160 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 467. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 160 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, 512 kB video RAM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Performa 550. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 160 MB hard drive, 5 MB RAM, 768 kB video RAM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh LC 520. It features a 25 MHz 68030, 80 MB hard drive, 5 MB RAM, 768 kB video RAM, 300 kBps internal CD-ROM, and 14-inch monitor. [581.94] [634]
  • Apple Computer renames the Centris 650 as the Quadra 650, with a 33 MHz 68040, 8 MB RAM, 230 MB hard drive, and 512 kB video RAM. [75] [581.92]
  • Apple Computer introduces the Quadra 605. It features a 25 MHz 68LC040, 80 MB or 160 MB hard drive, 4 MB RAM, and 512 kB video RAM. [75] [581.94]
  • Apple Computer introduces the PowerBook Duo 250. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 4 MB RAM, 200 MB hard drive, 9-inch diagonal 640x400 85 dpi grayscale active matrix LCD screen, Type II nickel metal hydride batteries. It weighs 4.2 pounds. [75] [581.102] [723.100]
  • Apple Computer introduces the PowerBook Duo 270c. It features a 33 MHz 68030, 68882 math coprocessor, 4 MB RAM, 240 MB hard drive, 8.4-inch 94 dpi 640x400 16-bit color active matrix LCD screen, Type II nickel metal hydride batteries. Weight is 4.8 pounds. [75] [581.102] [723.100]
  • Apple Computer releases System 7 Pro, which includes System 7.11, AppleScript 1.0, QuickTime 1.6.1, and PowerTalk 1.0. [583.55] [662.38]
October (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: Chuck Yeager's Air Combat. [2310.224]
November 15
  • Apple Computer drops the Apple IIe computer from its product list. [2605.19]
November
  • At the Comdex trade show, Apple Computer demonstrates a Macintosh Quadra 610 with an Apple-designed 486SX board, running MS-DOS. [2015.33]
  • At the Comdex trade show, Michael Spindler, CEO of Apple Computer, comments that the System 7 Macintosh operating system could eventually be licensed for use on other PowerPC systems. [1099]
  • Apple Computer licenses its PowerPC Macintosh operating system ROMs to DayStar Digital for upgrade cards. [2015.33] [1597.186]
  • Apple Computer quietly discontinues the Apple II product line. In its 17 year history, 5 million units were shipped. [46] [75] [1559] (2 million [2322])
  • Sales of Apple Computer's PowerBook series hit the 1 million mark. [46] [75]
November (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: SimCity 2000. [2311.184]
(month unknown)
  • Apple Computer runs its "1984" TV ad in Russia. [582.117]
December (month)
  • Top selling Macintosh computer game in the USA during the month: SimCity 2000. [1508.184]
Year
  • Shipments of Apple Computer Newton MessagePad PDA for the year: 50,000. [1054]
  • Apple Computer tops PC Vendor List in US shipments for the second consecutive year. [46]
  • Shipments of Apple Computer personal computers for the year: 2,050,000. [506.38]
  • Market share of personal computers worldwide during the year: IBM 10.8%, Apple Computer 9.4%, Compaq Computer 8.1%. [1659.D7]

End of 1993. Next: 1994.
The complete timeline can be purchased in a PDF file for US$10 from the author.

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1976-1981 1982-1983 1984-1985 1986-1989 1990-1991 1992 1993 1994-1995 1996-1997 1998-1999
2000-2001 2002-2003 2004-end


A list of references to all source material is available.

Other web pages of interest:

  • Chronology of Personal Computers
  • Personal Computer References in Pop Culture
  • This Day in Personal Computer and Video Game History
  • This Day in History

  • Last updated: 2022 April 29.
    Copyright © 2006-2022 (email: ).
    URL: https://pctimeline.info/apple/
    Link to Ken P's home page.